Sometimes just adding water is enough.
What are the causes of bruising under the eyes
Here are the most common factors that cause the skin to turn blue.
1. Fatigue, lack of sleep
When you have no strength, the processes in the body slow down. And this is understandable: the body wants one thing – to go into hibernation in order to recover.
Blood circulates more slowly, stagnates, and blood vessels dilate. The capillaries under the eyes are located close to the surface. Having expanded, they begin to shine through from under the thinnest skin. This is how bruises appear.
In the eye area, the thickness of the skin is approximately 0.5 mm.
Bonus: along with blood circulation, lymph flow slows down. Because of this, edema appears – bags under the eyes.
2. Eye strain
Perhaps you have been sitting in front of the monitor for too long or have been reading some text intently. Due to tension, the blood vessels under the eyes again dilate and begin to shine through the skin.
3. Iron deficiency anemia
Anemia is a lack of hemoglobin, a protein that carries oxygen from the lungs to organs and tissues. By binding to oxygen, hemoglobin becomes bright scarlet and gives this shade to arterial blood. Giving oxygen, hemoglobin darkens. The blood does it with him. Take a look at the wreaths on the hands – they are bluish, and they already have little oxygen.
Iron is essential for the normal formation of hemoglobin. If there is not enough of it in the body, the amount of coloring protein in the blood decreases. The remaining hemoglobin loses oxygen faster. As a result, the vessels acquire a dark blue hue, and this anemic cyanosis becomes first noticeable under the thin skin around the eyes.
When the skin lacks fluid, it becomes drier and thinner. And under the eyes it generally turns into a translucent parchment, unable to hide the capillaries underneath. Hello, bruises.
5. Allergic reactions
With allergies, the eyes often itch and watery. Histamines – those irritating substances that the body releases in response to an allergen – at the same time provoke vasodilation. The latter begins to shine through.
If you scratch your eyes, the symptoms get worse. Due to friction, fragile blood vessels break, tiny bruises occur, and this increases cyanosis.
Over the years, the skin loses moisture and becomes thinner. Therefore, the area under the eyes becomes more visible.
7. Genetic features
In some people, the skin is too thin from birth, and bruises under the eyes have haunted them since childhood. In others, the epidermis simply thins out too quickly with age.
If one of your close relatives regularly had dark circles under the eyes, you may inherit this feature.
8. Smoking, alcohol abuse
These bad habits make the skin thinner and blood vessels more fragile. Blood cells from cracked capillaries accumulate under the skin, oxidize, darken, and translucent blue.
9. Gastrointestinal disorders, poisoning
Due to the accompanying vomiting and diarrhea, the body loses a lot of fluid. The onset of dehydration, in turn, leads to the appearance of dark circles.
10. Cardiovascular disease
Such disorders can cause blood stasis. In the delicate area under the eyes, this will manifest itself first of all.
How to remove bruises under the eyes with home methods
Much depends on the reasons why these bruises arose at all. If they haunt you regularly, regardless of how tired you are, how you sleep, or whether you eat well, do not be too lazy to consult a therapist. Dark circles under the eyes can be the first symptom of heart problems or anemia. It is important to diagnose these conditions in time.
If bruises are a one-time occurrence, most likely, you don’t have to worry. To get rid of them, it is enough to change your lifestyle a little and use simple home methods.
1. Get enough sleep
The norm of sleep for an adult is 7-8 hours a day. It is this period that allows the body to restore strength. Well, blood circulation at the same time.
Little life hack: if you wake up with bags under your eyes, try sleeping on a higher pillow. It will help improve the outflow of blood and lymph.
2. Keep drinking
It is not necessary to pour eight glasses of water into yourself every day. Just don’t feel thirsty. I wanted to drink – do not dismiss this desire, drink water, tea, fruit drink, and juice. Also, try to control the color of your urine. As long as it is colorless or light yellow, everything is in order with your drinking regimen.
3. Eat well
Your job is to maintain healthy hemoglobin levels. Make sure your diet includes foods rich in:
- iron (for example, meat, fish, liver, spinach, chicken eggs);
- folic acid (eg, leafy greens, legumes, asparagus);
- vitamin C (for example, citrus fruits, strawberries, and black currants);
- vitamin A (for example, liver, cod liver oil, spinach, pumpkin).
4. Moisturize your skin
The thinnest skin under the eyes suffers from a lack of moisture in the first place. Therefore, invest in a moisturizer and use it at least before bed. Apply the product with light patting movements – this gentle massage will improve blood circulation and lymph flow.
If possible, monitor the humidity in the room where you sleep or spend most of the day. This is especially important in winter when the heating is on.
5. Apply a cold compress under the eyes
This is an express method that will help you quickly “erase” cyanosis. For 3-5 minutes, apply cotton pads soaked in cool water or, for example, tablespoons to the area under the eyes. The cold will constrict the blood vessels, and they will no longer be so clearly visible from under the skin.
6. Put cucumber slices or brewed tea bags under your eyes
Yes, yes, grandmother’s funds work.
Cucumber – for the reason that it contains a lot of moisture, which means it perfectly moisturizes the skin under the eyes. In addition, it also serves as a kind of alternative to a cold compress.
The tea that gets on the skin from the bags contains caffeine – which improves blood circulation. If you pre-cool the brewed bags in the refrigerator, they will also replace the compress.
7. Apply concealer
Light makeup will not get rid of under-eye circles, but it will help to mask them.
How to remove bruises under the eyes with professional methods
If the cause of dark circles is genetics or age, they cannot be overcome by lifestyle changes. In this case, you should contact a cosmetologist or dermatologist. The doctor will listen to your complaints, conduct an examination, and, based on its results, suggest a way to cope with the problem. It could be:
- Brightening cream. Professional remedies with azelaic, kojic, glycolic acid or hydroquinone help get rid of bruises.
- Chemical peeling. Such procedures reduce skin pigmentation and make circles under the eyes less noticeable.
- laser therapy. Another way to reduce pigmentation and start skin recovery.
- The use of fillers based on blood plasma or hyaluronic acid. Such funds are injected with the thinnest needle and “fill” the skin, making it denser.
- Blepharoplasty. Often, circles under the eyes become noticeable only because the eyelids, which have become heavier with age, cast a shadow on this area. A plastic surgery called blepharoplasty removes bags under the eyes and makes the eyelids less massive.
Which option to choose is up to you. Of course, after consulting a doctor.